Nepal is a small Himalayan country but abundantly rich in natural wonders. It covers 147,181 square kilometers of area and the shape of the country looks like a yam between two stones, China and India. In spite of having a small size, Nepal is very popular in the world as home to the world’s highest mountain-Mount Everest and also as a birth place of Lord Gautam Buddha, Light of Asia. It is a closed in country where 80 % of its territory is occupied by the peaks of the Himalayas. Other natural resources that Nepal is rich in are rivers, various species of flora and faunas and cultural heritages sites, some of which are even listed in the UNESCO’s heritage sites such as Pashupatinath –the holy temple, Lumbini –birthplace of Gautam Buddha, Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.
Nepal has unique geographical diversity rising from as low as 59 meters to some of the peaks over 7000 meters. Nepal is a multi-lingual country where almost 26 million
people live in social harmony irrespective of caste and color . Here, more than 120 different languages are spoken. In the case of religion, the majority of people follow Hinduism whereas, certain percentage of the total population also follow Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.
Nepal also offers the best suitable weather for travelling round the year. The climate varies with its topography from one place to another and altitude ranges from tropical to alpine regions. The low land, also called Terai in the tropical southern part of the country has a hot and humid climate that rises above 45 degree celsius in summer. The mid land, also called hilly, regions have a pleasant climate throughout the year and the northern mountain region is considerably cold especially above 3300m.